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Glossary Terms starting with C

Definitions of terms starting with C

Cadmium Sulfide
1.  Cadmium sulfide is a chemical compound with the formula CdS. Cadmium sulfide is yellow in color and is a semiconductor.
calibration
1.  A way of correcting for the variation in output of a device such as a printer or monitor when compared to the original image data from the scanner.
cancel job
1.  Cancels a programmed procedure permanently, such as polling or polled waiting and delayed transmission.
capable
1.  Technician or key operator must activate a special function which is otherwise not accessible to the operator.
carriage
1.  The fixture in the print device that holds the printhead. The carriage may slide on a carriage rod (or rods) to scan (pass over) the media.
carrier
1.  Another term used for developer or starter. Also, a frequency which can be modulated with another signal (the other signal is “carried”) which...
cartridge
1.  Item that holds certain consumable components of the copy cycle. May include any or all of the following: toner, developer unit, drum, charge...
cartridge carrier for inkjet fax
1.  A part inside the fax machine that holds the ink cartridges.
cascade
1.  ‘Non-sort’ feature that enables every sorter bin to act as a receiving tray, switching the exiting of copies from one bin to the next, so that...
cassette
1.  Assembly that holds copy paper for pickup tires to feed it from. Also know as “tray” or “drawer.”
CCD
1.  An acronym for charge-coupled device. Used in digital copiers. The unit that optically scans the reflected image of the original document and...
CCITT
1.  Acronym for Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique at Télégraphique. In English; International Telegraph and Telephone Consultive...
CCITT Group 2
1.  Group two. 1980 method of analog fax transmission which took three minutes per page.
CCITT Group 3
1.  Group three. Since 1984, modern method of digital fax transmission which takes about 25 seconds per page.
CCITT Group 4
1.  Group four. Sophisticated method of fax transmission requiring extremely high quality phone lines (fiber optics) and equipment. Transmission is...
CD
1.  Compact Disc. Storage medium supporting recording and playback of digital data, generally audio and video. CD's can also be used to store computer...
CD unit
1.  color development unit.
CD-E
1.  An acronym for compact disc-erasable. Allows the user to write, erase, overwrite, and read CD information. This format was replaced by CD-RW.
CD-R
1.  An acronym for compact disc-recordable. A variation of the compact disc. CD-R is a write once read many optical medium and retains a high level of...
CD-ROM
1.  An acronym for compact disc read-only memory. A compact disc that, once the disc has been pressed, will not allow any new data to be stored and...
CD-RW
1.  An acronym for compact disc rewritable. CD-RW is a rewritable optical disc format.
CDMA
1.  Code-Division Multiple Access. Digital transmission technology that operates in the 800MHz or 1900MHz frequency bands.
CdS
1.  The chemical name for Cadmium Sulfide, a material used to make an older type of photoconductive drum.
central processing unit
1.  Also know as CPU. The main logic chip. CPU sometimes is used as a term to describe the main logic board.
centronics interface
1.  36 pin parallel interface that transmits eight data bits simultaneously.
CFF
1.  An acronym for computer/continuous forms feeder.
chapterization
1.  Automatic feature that starts a chapter on a right-hand page in a report without having to account for a blank left-hand page with a blank original.
charge
1.  The electrostatic field that is applied to the drum in the first step of xerography, whether in fax, copier, printer or other device.
charge corona
1.  The device that applies the electrostatic field to the drum.
charge roller
1.  Used in place of a charge corona. Roller that contacts the drum and applies a charge.
charge-coupled device
1.  Is abbreviated as CCD. Used in digital copiers. The unit that optically scans the reflected image of the original document and converts it to...
charging roller
1.  One of the complex systems of rollers inside a typical laser printer or all-in-one. The charging roller transfers an electrical charge to the...
check and order
1.  A Brother feature that automatically prints out an order form for you to fax to your supplier when your consumables require replacing.
checksum
1.  A value used to ensure data integrity. It is created by adding the binary value of each alphanumeric character in a block of data and including it...
CHVT
1.  An acronym for charge high voltage transformer.
CI
1.  An acronym for called indicator.
circuit breaker
1.  Reset table switch that protects an electrical circuit from overload, by opening the circuit.
CIS
1.  An acronym for contact image sensor. Optical unit in some fax machines. Includes the equivalent of CCD, light source, and all reflectors in one...
cleaning lamp
1.  Used to discharge the drum.
clear key
1.  Clear key stops operation of machine, and if pressed again, will erase copies selected.
clock pulse sensor
1.  A device, usually a rotating disk with small holes and a photo interrupter. As the disk rotates the photo interrupter’s light beam is observed...
CML
1.  An acronym for connect modem to line relay. Operated by the main circuit board. This is what switches the sending fax machine from the “phone”...
CMY
1.  The subtractive primary colors cyan, magenta, and yellow
CMYK
1.  Identifies the four colors used in traditional printing presses, and stands for, respectively, cyan, magenta, yellow, and key color/black.
CNG
1.  An acronym for calling number generation (speed dial).
CNG tones
1.  Are "calling tones" sent during automatic fax transmission to tell the receiving fax machine at the distant end that they are a fax machine.
coated paper
1.  The surface of coated paper absorbs less ink than plain laser paper, reducing the tendency for the dyes to bleed.
Code-Division Multiple Access
1.  Code-Division Multiple Access. Digital transmission technology that operates in the 800MHz or 1900MHz frequency bands.
coding
1.  In fax transmission, coding refers to run-length coding, which is a code set used when encoding (shortening) data sent during transmission....
cold laser
1.  Laser that has not made any copies or prints and has settled into its resting mode. Typically, will require spin up time before making first copy....
collator or collation
1.  The act of separating copies into collated or sorted sets. Analog copiers use mechanical collators or sorters. These send one copy per bin, and...
color balance
1.  A print quality attribute that refers to the overall color cast of an image. Unbalanced images appear to have an underlying color so that grays do...
color depth
1.  The number of bits used to process scanned images. The greater the number of bits, the more colours or levels of gray that can be used to display...
color matching system
1.  A system of computer software, display hardware, cardboard color wheels and color filters. Used together, these elements help ensure that colors...
color saturation
1.  The purity of a hue (the name of a color found in its pure state in the spectrum — red, yellow, blue).
color separation
1.  A color printing technique used to print full-color photographs and multicolor images and text. A standard set of colors (usually cyan, magenta,...
color wheel
1.  A number of cardboard or plastic cards held together by a wire or bolt; each card carries a different color and an identifier for that color in a...
COM port
1.  A serial port on the back of your computer where you can plug in hardware, such as a scanner.
command bar
1.  A group of icons on the PaperPort Desktop that are shortcuts for commands available in the PaperPort menus.
communication error
1.  In faxing, an error that occurs during sending or receiving.
compact disc
1.  Compact Disc. Storage medium supporting recording and playback of digital data, generally audio and video. CD's can also be used to store computer...
  • See also CD
compatibility
1.  The ability of one fax unit to communicate with another.
compatibility mode
1.  The original Centronics parallel interface and intended for use with dot matrix printers and older laser printers. The compatibility mode can be...
compatible
1.  Often referred to as generic, remanufactured or refurbished
compression
1.  Shrinking of data to cause it to occupy less file space, for transmitting, whether by fax, disk, e-mail, etc.
console
1.  Console machine models are standalone devices and do not require a stand.
consumable
1.  Items, such as toner, developer, and sometimes to include drums, cleaner rollers, PM items. These are designated by the manufacturer as having a...
consumer-replaceable unit
1.  A kit or assembly that is designed to be replaced in the field. This term is generally used to distinguish a kit that can be installed by a...
contact image sensor
1.  Optical unit in some fax machines. Includes the equivalent of CCD, light source and all reflectors in one small unit.
contact sensor unit
1.  Optical scanning unit containing light source (LED array), focusing rod, cover glass, self focusing lens, and device for converting optical image...
container for inkjet fax
1.  A plastic container, included with the photo ink cartridge accessory, to prevent the extra cartridge from drying out.
continuous copy speed
1.  Ability to make copy after copy without the operator having to press the start key at the end of each copy cycle. The number of continuous copies.
continuous ink jet
1.  The continuous ink jet method is used commercially for marking and coding of products and packages. In continuous ink jet technology, a...
continuous set completion
1.  Sets continue to be made if multi-output device tray(s) have been emptied, so maximum number of sets is limited by quantity selection limit, such...
continuous sorting/staple-sorting
1.  Sets continue to be made if sorter/staple-sorter bins have been emptied, so maximum number of sets is limited by quantity selection limit, such as...
contrast
1.  Used to compensate for very dark or very light documents, by lightening dark documents and darkening light documents.
contrast enhancement
1.  Automatically brightens images that appear dark or hazy, and applies appropriate tone correction to deliver improved quality and clarity.
contrast ratio
1.  Range of light and dark values in a picture, or the ratio between their maximum and minimum values. A high contrast ratio (example: 3000:1)...
control board
1.  Main logic board, main board, CPU, microprocessor.
control panel
1.  On any equipment, the panel with switches, buttons, display.
controller
1.  In a copier context, this refers to a device that upgrades a digital copier into a multifunctional device with a printer function. Can be either...
copier
1.  Equipment for automatically making separate copies from plain paper originals.
copies
1.  Images produced on paper after a document has been placed on the platen glass or fed through a document feeder. Note that the output of the machine...
copies per minute
1.  Standard way of describing the speed of a copier.
copy cartridge
1.  Xerox terminology. Typically refers to a disposable drum module.
copy counter
1.  Keeps track of how many copies a machine has made.
copy lamp
1.  Exposure lamp. Light source for the xerographic process.
copy mode
1.  Using a fax machine to make a copy of an original, without transmitting it anywhere.
copy size
1.  Both the minimum and maximum copy area, and paper size that the copier can utilize.
corona
1.  High voltage wire, usually in an aluminum or plastic extrusion, that puts charge on the drum or on the back of the paper (charge, transfer,...
corona grid
1.  Screen-like device or grid of wires located between the charge corona wire and drum surface to improve the corona's charge.
corona roller
1.  Conductive roller that applies charge to the drum, or to the back of the paper (charge or transfer).
corona wires
1.  A set of thin wires inside the body of a laser printer that transfers a static charge to each sheet of paper; this charge in turn attracts the...
corotron
1.  Another name for corona unit.
counter
1.  Standard counter on machine to keep count of total copies run. Copiers will usually have either a mechanical or electrical counter (or both)....
counting down
1.  Machine counts copies made, beginning with number of copies being made, and ending at 0.
counting up
1.  Machine counts copies made beginning at 0.
cover page
1.  Prints a page at the other party's machine, that contains the sender and recipient's name and fax number, number of pages and comment. You can...
cover page comment
1.  The comment that is on the cover page. This is a programmable feature.
CPI
1.  An acronym for characters per inch. A measure of fixed spacing.
CPM
1.  An acronym for copies per minute.
CPS
1.  An acronym for characters per second. A measure of print speed.
CPU
1.  Central processing unit. The main logic chip. CPU sometimes is used as a term to describe the main logic board. This is what switches the sending...
CPU board
1.  The circuit board containing the EPROM, LSI, etc. It controls many actions of the copier, fax or printer, including speed dial memory, print head...
crack and peel
1.  This is a cutting feature where the cutter trims the label but not the backing paper, making the labels easier to peel away.
criss/cross
1.  Also known as rotate sort of alternate sort. If sorting is desired and two different orientation of the same paper are loaded (8 ½ x 11 and 11 x...
crop
1.  To remove part of an image. The portion of the image that is selected remains, while the portion that is not selected is removed.
cross talk
1.  Interference on a phone line caused by another line. In a voice communication, this is fairly obvious. You can sometimes hear another conversation....
CRU
1.  An acronym for consumer-replaceable unit. A kit or assembly that is designed to be replaced in the field. The term is generally used to...
CSI
1.  An acronym for called subscriber identifier. (Phone number of fax called).
CSU
1.  An acronym for contact sensor unit. Optical scanning unit containing light source (LED array), focusing rod, cover glass, self focusing lens, and...
current loop (20mA)
1.  A means of communicating data via the presence or absence of current on a two-wire cable. This is an older alternative to the RS-232C format for...
cursor
1.  The indicator (usually flashing), showing the location of the character on the LCD that is about to be adjusted or changed.
cutter
1.  In thermal fax machines, the unit that cuts the received document to length at the end of the page.
cyan
1.  One of the four colors used in dry toner printing, or one of several colors used in inkjet printing. A bluish shade of green. Abbreviated as C.